Transfer of large files over the Internet

The size of the data that is sent over the Internet is increasing all the time. Higher resolutions of camera matrices or cameras in phones cause the files generated by these devices to grow and their transfer becomes very cumbersome. However, there are ways to do this.

Internet mail is not only used to send text messages. Any document, graphic file or video recording can be transmitted via e-mail. However, when we are used to the convenience of placing attachments in the mail, we forget that e-mail has its limitations. Although mailboxes have very large capacities, most operators impose restrictions on the maximum size of a single message that can be transmitted. This excludes, for example, the sending of a longer film. It is also never know whether the recipient has the right technical conditions for downloading large amounts of data. Excessive postage can cause a lot of traffic or block a link and charge you. And yet the recipient does not know what is waiting on the server when you start the mail program. A small set of photos is a few dozen megabytes of data, a few-minute video recorded with the phone is at least a few hundred, even longer gigabytes. Internet e-mail is not a tool for transferring large files. It is not appropriate to burden mail servers with such tasks. To send huge amounts of data, you need to use other ways – usually Internet disks, instant messengers, special services and P2P services. Of course, this is best done free of charge.

One Drive

An excellent way to transfer large amounts of data is to use an Internet-based OneDrive. The file is placed on Microsoft’s server and only sends a link to the recipient, which will allow it to be downloaded at a time convenient for the recipient. The advantage of OneDrive is access to the service in every computer with Windows. In the basic, free version, the user gets 5 GB of disk space for data. Copy the file to the OneDrive server. In Windows 10, all you need to do is run File Explorer and place the data in the directory.  Right-click the file (or the entire folder) and select. If you do not see this command, you probably have OneDrive disabled on your system. In this case, click the start button, enter the command and press Enter.  Select the link. If you do not want anyone to modify the file on your disk, uncheck. In paid variants of the service, you can still determine the validity of the link and secure access to data with a password. To send the file via the Internet, simply enter the recipient’s address and click. However, this is not what we mean. Click the link and close the window. Prepare the e-mail and paste the link into the file. After clicking the link, the viewer will be able to download the file to their local disk at a convenient time.


Mega is, like OneDrive, an internet drive. However, the user can receive up to 50 GB of space free of charge. Mega also prides itself on the fact that the data it handles is encrypted as soon as it is transferred to an Internet drive, and not only when it is saved.  Download and install the Mega application from Configure your account as well. When everything is ready, you can transfer your data to the internet. Right-click the file and select. You can also save the file directly to a directory on your disk.  Wait until the file is copied. Click the icon in the system tray and select the link next to the file you want to transfer to the Internet. If you are using the synchronized Mega folder on disk, right-click the file and select. Paste the shortcut in the mail and send it.  To download the file, click the uploaded link and use. If the recipient has a Mega account, click the button to transfer the file to it immediately.


Dropbox is very popular among users. Large files and links are handled very similarly to previous services. The free version of Dropbox allows you to upload a file of up to 2 GB. However, in the commercial version, it offers a space of 2 TB.  Sign up for the service and install the Dropbox application on your computer. Use File Explorer to copy the data to. Right-click the copied file and select the link.  To download the file, click the uploaded link. When the page opens, expand the menu and select. Save the file to disk.

Google disk

One of the most popular services storing users’ files on the Internet is Google Drive. This service is most often chosen by people who actively use other services of this company. Google disk offers 15 GB of free space. Its advantage is convenient access to data from mobile devices. The service is very similar to OneDrive, Mega or Dropbox in terms of its functionality.  Open the Google Disk folder on the disk using File Explorer. If you are not sure where it is located, click the Disc icon in the system tray and select. Copy the file you want to upload to the directory. Right-click the file, select and.  Paste the link to the email and send it. To download the file, click the uploaded link, and when the page appears, select.


WhatsApp is a communicator known primarily for its secure, encrypted communication. However, it also works well as a tool for transferring large files. The maximum document size that WhatsApp can handle is 100 MB.  Install and run WhatsApp on your computer. A version that works on your phone is required for the program to work properly. Run it too. Select the contact to which you want to send the large file from the list on the left side of the window and click on the clip icon on the right side of the top bar of the program.  In the expanded menu, indicate the file type you want to attach, for example. Point at the file on your drive and click. Click, you can attach another file. When the document is loaded into the program window, send it by clicking on the arrow icon.  To download the file and place it on the disk, click the down arrow icon next to the file name in the conversation window. Confirm the operation with.


The telegram is yet another communicator designed primarily for well secured private conversations. It also allows you to transfer large files. The data limit for this program is 1.5 GB. The telegram works on virtually every platform.  Install the instant messenger and register in the program. Of course, to send any data, the recipient must also be a user of this program. Start the Telegram and indicate the recipient in the contact list. Click the clip icon at the bottom of the window next to the field.  Place the package description in the field and click to send it. To save the received file to disk, the recipient should click the arrow icon in the message, point to a folder and click.


If you do not want to install any software or register for any service, please use WeTransfer. The free version allows you to upload a file with a maximum size of 2 GB. WeTransfer is convenient to use, fast and efficient.  Start your browser and open the website Click the link to upload individual files. If you want to transfer the entire data directory, click. Point the data on your drive and click.  Place the recipient’s e-mail address in the field. Enter the e-mail address of the sender in the field. Below, in the field, you can place a short comment which will be forwarded with the file.  Click the button with three dots. If you want to send the file directly, leave the box checked. Data of up to 2 GB size will usually reach the recipient quickly and without problems. To only provide a link to the file, select. Click the button.  The recipient will receive a message with information on how to download the data. Simply click on the button and when the page appears, the button. It takes 7 days to copy data from the server.

Send Anywhere

If you need to upload a really big file, use Send Anywhere. The free version of this service supports data with a maximum size of 10 GB. Send Anywhere is distinguished by its high speed, which is the result of using P2P mechanisms.  Install and run Send Anywhere. Create an account with Send Anywhere. Drag your mouse to the middle of the window to upload files or directories. You can also use the button with the plus sign and point it to the disk.  Use the link and wait for the transfer to complete. Click the link generated by the program. Paste the link to the email and send it to the recipient.  Once you have received the link, just click it and select the button to download the file to disk. In the free version of the service, the link to the data sent by us is valid for 48 hours.

Own FTP server

If you are bothered by the typical limitations of Internet drives and file transfer services, you may consider creating your own FTP server. You have full control over it, you are not limited by monthly transfers or restrictions on file types and sizes. The tools needed to run and configure such a server are part of Windows 10. We will show you how to install and run the FTP server in the most basic configuration.  Right-click the start button, select, and then click the link. Expand the category and place a checkmark next to the fields: i. Click and after a while.  To configure and manage the server settings, expand the start menu, category and start the console.  Right-click the group and select. In the field, name the site. In the <File Path> field, type the path to the directory where the files will be stored. It is best to use a separate drive for this, or create a directory in the root folder of your system drive. Go on.  Check the option under. At home, this is the easiest way to do this, although not entirely safe. Leave the other settings unchanged. In the next step, in the section, place a tick in the box. In the list, select and enter your system user account name in the box below. Select the boxes and click. The server should already be available for you on your local network.

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